By Michael Gough
In "Dioxin, Agent Orange: The Facts," Michael Gough digests and analyzes the volumes of contradictory proof clouding this factor. From an independent standpoint, he investigates such questions as: Does dioxin reason melanoma? What are the quick and, if any, long term results of publicity? Can it reason delivery defects in little ones? Has it triggered the deaths of Vietnam veterans?
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In "Dioxin, Agent Orange: The Facts," Michael Gough digests and analyzes the volumes of contradictory proof clouding this factor. From an impartial viewpoint, he investigates such questions as: Does dioxin reason melanoma? What are the quick and, if any, long term results of publicity? Can it reason beginning defects in youngsters?
Extra info for Dioxin, Agent Orange: The Facts
There is no way to measure how much of that activity was influenced or motivated by general opposition to the Vietnam War, a position that is often equated with liberal political positions. However, in the end, the National Academy of Sciences, which is near the political center, also described widespread and long-Iasting environmental damage in Vietnam and left open questions about }'Vhether or not human health had been directly damaged by Agent Orange and other herbicides. In 1964, a year before widespread Agent Orange spraying began, the Federation of American Scientists charged that the United States was experimenting in biological and chemical war- AGENT ORANGE AND VIETNAM 55 fare and possibly causing long-term environmental damage to Vietnam.
Chloracne has particular importance as a disease because scientists accept without reservation that it is caused by dioxin. However, since other chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons can cause the disease, chloracne is not a certain indicator of dioxin exposure. The matter thus becomes even more confusing. Not all people who work in areas contaminated with dioxin develop chloracne, in part because of differing sensitivity to dioxin and in part because of different levels of exposure. Hence, if a person has been in a situation where exposure to dioxin is possible, and chloracne does develop, dioxin exposure is a near certainty.
Therefore, two days' notice was given by the Air Force to Uni ted States ground troop commanders to be certain that friendly troops were not in the path of the spray missions or that of the accompanying fighter planes. Ouring the peak spraying years, 1967 through 1969, 24 C-123s were assigned to Operation Ranch Hand. They often flew more than one mission a day, but Agent Orange flights were normally flown only in early moming. Spray missions could involve as many as six aircraft flying abreast at 150 feet altitude and at 130 knots (about 150 mHes per hour).