By Freud, Sigmund; Fletcher, John; Freud, Sigmund
It is a examine of the primary position of trauma in Freud's proposal and perform. It argues that it truly is Freud's mapping of trauma as a scene, the elaboration of a scenography of trauma, that's critical to either his scientific interpretation of his sufferers' indicators and his development of successive theoretical versions and ideas to give an explanation for the facility of such scenes in his sufferers' lives.
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Extra resources for Freud and the scene of trauma
Critchley and H. E. Cantor, “Charcot’s Hysteria Renaissant,” British Medical Journal 289 (July–December 1984): 1785– 88. See also Mark Micale, “On the ‘Disappearance’ of Hysteria: A Study in the Clinical Deconstruction of a Diagnosis,” Isis 84 (1993): 496–526. 14. ” See Micale, “Charcot and les névroses traumatiques,” 106. 15 Charcot disputed the conventional location of the effective cause in the sheer physical impact of the trauma (and hence he rejected Thomsen and Oppenheim’s hypothesis of undetectable microscopic lesions of the organs involved).
Citing Paget’s term “neuromimesis” in his inaugural lecture, Charcot took the resemblance of hysterical symptoms to the hemianesthesia (one-sided loss of sensation) produced by cerebral lesions, or the paraplegia (paralysis) produced by spinal lesions, as a guide or clue to the enigma of hysteria. Instead of an organic, anatomical lesion, he posited what he called a functional or dynamic lesion as the immediate cause of hysterical symptoms; beyond the similarity of symptoms, the pathologist “perceives a similarity in the anatomical seat, and mutatis mutandis, localises the dynamic lesion from the data furnished by an examination of the corresponding organic one” (Charcot 1889, 14).
13 This scenario of the grande attaque with the attitudes passionelles as its climax is one of the two key contributions that Charcot’s clinical phenomenology of hysteria makes to Freud’s later reconceptualization of what I am calling a scenography of hysteria, in a fully psychological rather than a neurological register. The second contribution is Charcot’s theory of traumatic hysteria, which results from his use of hypnotism to make a connection between hysteria and the problematic of trauma and the traumatic neuroses.