By Prof. Ursula Apitzsch, Dr. Maria Kontos (auth.), Ursula Apitzsch, Maria Kontos (eds.)
The dialogue on new varieties of non-privileged self-employment of ladies and minorities is mostly divided into separate discourses on women’s possibilities at the one hand and ethnic enterprise at the different. the focal point within the dialogue concerning the unique assets of migrant entrepreneurship has been primarily at the assumed collective traditions of ethnic company and never at the person emancipative assets of the self-employed. This publication has introduced the 2 discourses jointly. whereas ladies and migrants are so much liable to social exclusion at the labour industry, while they're topics of unrecognized assets for self-employment that experience to be taken under consideration less than the precise stipulations of social citizenship regulations within the eu Union.
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Additional resources for Self-Employment Activities of Women and Minorities: Their Success or Failure in Relation to Social Citizenship Policies
Almost everything, from economic inequality to poor educational achievement has been located within a race analysis (Anthias 1992b). This umbrella approach tends to homogenize the different experiences of racism emerging from ethnicity, class and gender. The desirability of universal versus targeted policies must be viewed in the above context. The issue constitutes part of a wider and long standing debate in social service provision. It dates back to the period of mass immigration and the ensuing promotion of universal „colour blind“ policies by the host society.
Dimensions of European diversity in non-priviledged self-employment Preface Ursula Apitzsch / Maria Kontos In this part we present the findings of our analysis of the biographical interviews. We describe typical biographical process structures and patterns related to the biographical pathway to self-employment, as well as patterns of the impact of policy on these biographical processes. In order to analyze the policy impact on the process of self-employment, we first reconstructed which processes emerged in the biographies of native women and male and female migrants who started self-employment or were planning to do so.
Communities and ethnic organizations very often, in the name of the maintenance of the traditional structure of the community, stand out against modernization measures and policies which are going to transform the group. The traditional ways of coexistence are, however, interwoven with power relationships and their reproduction (the most characteristic is the subjugation of women). From this point of view the demand of ethnic organizations and associations to take themselves – and not governmental agents – the entire responsibility for the implementation of policies and projects of integration is quite questionable.